Co-authored with Matthieu Lietaert and Ramon Marimon, European Political Science, 9(1): 118-130, 2010.
Many researchers trained in Europe leave to work abroad, particularly in the USA. This brain drain phenomenon is the result of a lack of openness and competition in European academic systems. Some changes relating to the mobility of academic careers could make a difference in attracting – and maintaining – researchers, apart from serious structural reform. Performance-related salary policies, as well as proper working conditions, are key incentives to attract researchers. To some extent, efficient post-doctoral programmes and gender-equity policies should be considered too.